Nowadays, there is a lot of rivalry amongst operating systems. Why is this? Since different operating systems each have their own collection of benefits and drawbacks. The worst thing is that choosing between them is becoming more difficult. Linux vs Windows vs Mac OS, which one is better?
So, to make it simpler for you, we’ve included everything you need to know about which one is right for you in this post.
Before continuing, we must be fully aware of what an operating system is.
What Is an Operating System? Linux vs Windows vs Mac
The operating system serves as a bridge between the consumer and the computer hardware.
In simple terms, a user manipulates the C.P.U (Central Processing Unit) with the aid of the operating system to complete the desired mission.
For instance, suppose you want to browse the internet while listening to music. How are you going to do it? and what would you need for that?
To begin, you must have a Web browser and a media player installed on your device, as well as a platform on which both software applications are installed in order for them to function simultaneously.
The term platform refers to the operating system in this context.
Linux, Windows and Mac
Despite the fact that there are many operating systems. We’ll only cover the three most well-known ones here.
- Mac OS
These are the world’s top three most common operating systems.
Linux – Linux is a free and open-source operating system based on the Linux kernel. It is a very efficient operating system that provides excellent control and command over the user (CPU).
Windows – Windows is the world’s most common and widely used operating system. Microsoft launched it with the intention of dominating personal computing at the time.
Mac OS – Mac OS is Apple’s proprietary operating system for their iMac and MacBook lineup. It is a highly advanced operating system with excellent performance and stability.
The Pro’s and Con’s: Linux vs Windows vs Mac
Easy and powerful user interface – Of all operating systems, Mac OS has the easiest and most powerful user interface. No, we’re not being biassed; it’s true. When you compare the two, you’ll find that the icons on a Mac are far more structured. Indeed, downloading and launching applications on Mac OS is identical to iOS. If you already own an iPhone, you can find it easier to learn and use Mac OS.
Fewer Virus Attacks – One of the most important benefits of Mac OS over Windows is that it is exposed to far fewer virus attacks. This is not to suggest that Mac OS is more stable than Windows. However, because of the widespread use of the Windows banner, hackers target it more frequently. This helps the Mac consumer in several ways because no virus-prone software is being built for the Mac.
First-rate Integration of hardware and software – This may be the most significant explanation of why people choose Macbooks or iMacs over other computing devices. Apple is known for having complete control over its computers, as the hardware is designed by Apple. As a result, since the developers have access to the device’s hardware, they can build completely optimised applications. As a result, the programme runs more smoothly, and Apple keeps it going for a longer period of time.
Apple Product Integration – Have you ever heard of the word “Ecosystem”? Many people agree that Apple has one of the most beautiful ecosystems for computer integration. Yes, we are discussing the convergence of the Apple Watch with the iPhone and MacBook. For many years, Apple worked diligently to make things work as they should.
Expensive – When it comes to breaking the bank, Apple plays a significant role. It is well known that Apple offers one of the most expensive devices on the market. This is particularly evident when comparing the prices of Mac computers to those of Windows computers. Keep that in mind.
Upgrades are more difficult – Macbooks and iMacs are very difficult to update. Some of you may be wondering, “How?” The majority of its hardware components, on the other hand, are incorporated at both the design and engineering levels. As a result, upgrading becomes much more difficult.
No Games – This may make you sad, but it is a fact. Macbooks and iMacs are not designed to be used for games. So, if you’re looking to purchase a laptop or computer solely to play games, we suggest going with Windows.
Yes, the most significant advantage of Windows is its low cost. You don’t have to spend a fortune on a Windows PC or laptop. This is due to the fact that Microsoft sells the Windows copyright licence to every PC or laptop maker on the planet. For example, HP, Dell, and Asus, among others.
Variety Options – As you can see from the preceding point, the options for Windows laptops and PCs are much greater than those for Mac OS. Another thing to note is that you have a range of choices depending on your budget.
App availability – As the number of Windows users grows across the world, so do the number of software applications, games, and utilities for the Windows operating system.
Customizable – You can take the Windows operating system to the next stage of customization. This is something that Mac OS does not have.
Games – Many people who can afford an iMac or a MacBook refuse to purchase one because they choose to play games on their PC or laptop. This is most likely the most significant advantage of Windows OS and the most significant drawback of Mac OS.
Upgradeable – Unlike the Mac operating system, Windows allows you to quickly update the hardware. For example, if you want to update your processor, memory, or SSD, you can do so. This is due to the fact that Windows is not exclusive to Microsoft’s laptops or computers.
Malware and Virus Attacks – In this situation, Windows’ greatest strength often becomes its greatest weakness. Because of the popularity of Windows, hackers can build virus and malware-powered software that seriously damages the operating system. Every year, millions of Windows systems are infected.
Less Stable – As with the previous stage, this makes the Windows operating system less reliable.
Yes, it does become sluggish over time. Windows have been observed to become laggier with each Microsoft update. People on social media make jokes about it as well. As a result, Microsoft must address this issue as soon as possible.
Linux is a free and open source operating system.
Low cost – You do not need to pay for its licence since its software is distributed under the GNU General Public License. You can also download high-quality software for Linux for free from anywhere you want, and you don’t have to worry about your programme freezing due to the trial version. You can also run it on several machines for free.
Stability – Linux is safe enough to manage day-to-day activities. It is not necessary to restart it on a regular basis. It can also support a large number of users without crashing or slowing down due to memory problems.
Its flexibility allows it to be used for high-performance applications, desktop applications, and embedded applications. You can also save disc space by downloading modules that are only used for a specific purpose.
Efficiency – Linux delivers excellent performance on both workstations and networks. It also aids in keeping outdated machines functional and accessible again, and it can accommodate many users at once.
One of the most significant benefits of Linux is the ability to choose. It grants control over all aspects of the operating system. Main features include the ability to monitor the look and feel of the desktop through Windows Manager and the kernel.
Understanding – To become acquainted with Linux, you must have a great deal of patience and a strong desire to read and learn about it. Keep that in mind.
Tools: There is a small range of software available for Linux.
Ease of use – While Linux has made significant strides in this area, Windows is still far superior.
Hardware – Linux does not support a wide range of hardware devices.
Linux vs Windows vs Mac – It was decided that these three operating systems had optimal advantages and drawbacks as compared to one another. These features are all dependent on the type of user who is using the operating system. Another thing to think about is selecting an operating system that meets your needs. Examples include media creation, gaming, and how easy the GUI is to use.
Features of Linux Operating System
Linux is the most well-known and commonly used open-source operating system (OS). An operating system is the programme that directly controls the hardware and resources of a system, such as the CPU, memory, and storage. The operating system (OS) sits between applications and hardware, linking all of the apps to the physical resources that do the job. In this post, I will go over all of the features of the Linux operating system.
Every Linux-based operating system contains the Linux kernel, which manages hardware resources, launches and handles applications, and provides some form of user interface. Because of the massive development community and diverse distributions, a Linux version is available for almost any job, and Linux has permeated many areas of computing.
For example, Linux has emerged as a popular OS for web servers such as Apache, as well as network operations, scientific computing tasks that involve large compute clusters, running databases, desktop/endpoint computing, and running mobile devices with OS versions such as Android.
Architecture of Linux
The Layered Architecture of the Linux system is as follows:
Hardware Layer: The hardware layer is made up of all peripheral devices (RAM/ HDD/ CPU, for example).
Kernel: It is the central component of the operating system and is responsible for many of the LINUX operating system’s activities. It communicates with hardware directly and offers low-level services to upper layer components.
Shell/GCC: A user-to-kernel interface that hides the complexities of the kernel’s functions from users. Takes a user instruction and executes kernel functions.
Application Software: Utility programmes that provide users with the majority of an operating system’s features.
Users: People that communicate directly with the operating system and application applications.
More Features Include
Multiple users can access the same device resources such as memory, hard disc, and so on. However, in order to run, they must use various terminals.
Multitasking: By intelligently splitting Processor power, several tasks can be done at the same time.
Portability does not indicate that it is smaller in file size or that it can be transported on pen drives or memory cards. It means that it is compatible with a wide variety of hardware.
Protection is provided in three ways: authentication (by assigning a password and login ID), authorization (by granting permission to read, write, and execute), and encryption (converts file into an unreadable format).
Live CD/USB: Almost all Linux distributions have a live CD/USB that allows users to run/test it without installing it.
Graphical User Interface (X Window System): While Linux is a command-line-based operating system, it can be transformed into a GUI-based operating system by downloading packages.
Customized keyboard support: Since it is used globally, it supports a variety of language keyboards.
Application support: It has its own software repository where users can download and instal a wide range of applications.
File System: Provides a hierarchical file system for organising files and folders.
Open Source: Linux code is freely accessible to the public and is a community-driven software project.
Linux is now a multibillion-dollar industry. Thousands of businesses, schools, universities, and governments around the world use Linux OS because it is inexpensive, has lower licence costs, and saves time and money. Linux is used in a range of electronic devices that are available to customers all over the world. The following are some examples of popular Linux-based electronic devices:
- Dell Inspiron Mini 9 and 12
- Garmin Nuvi 860, 880, and 5000
- Google Android Dev Phone 1
- HP Mini 1000
- Lenovo IdeaPad S9
- Motorola MotoRokr EM35 Phone
- One Laptop Per Child XO2
- Sony Bravia Television
- Sony Reader
- TiVo Digital Video Recorder
- Volvo In-Car Navigation System
- Yamaha Motif Keyboard
Features Of Windows Operating System
Microsoft Windows offers a plethora of features, resources, and software that will assist you in getting the most out of Windows and your device.
Scroll down to learn more about the features included in Microsoft Windows.
The Control Panel is a collection of software that will assist you in configuring and managing the resources on your device. You can modify printer, video, audio, mouse, keyboard, date and time, user accounts, installed programmes, network connections, power saving options, and other settings.
Cortana is a virtual assistant in Windows 10 that responds to voice commands. Cortana is capable of answering questions, searching your device or the Internet, scheduling appointments and reminders, making online transactions, and much more. Cortana is similar to other voice-activated services like Siri, Alexa, or Google Assistant, but it also has the ability to scan the details on your screen.
The desktop is an integral component of Windows’ default GUI (graphical user interface). It is a location where you can arrange applications, directories, and documents as icons. Your desktop is still running in the background, behind any other programmes you have open.
The first thing you see when you turn on your screen and log in to Windows is your desktop background, icons, and the taskbar. From here, you can access your computer’s installed programmes through the Start menu or by double-clicking any device shortcuts on your screen.
The Device Manager shows a list of the hardware devices that are mounted on a computer. Via the System Manager, users can see what hardware is installed, display and upgrade hardware drivers, and uninstall hardware.
By deleting temporary or unnecessary files, the Disk Cleanup utility helps to maximise free disc space on your computer. Running Disk Cleanup improves your computer’s efficiency and frees up space for downloads, documents, and programmes.
The Event Viewer is a tool for administrators that shows errors and important events on your device. It aids in the diagnosis of advanced problems in your Windows system.
The File Explorer, also known as Windows Explorer, gives you a list of all the files and directories on your computer. You will look at your SSD, hard drive, and connected removable discs. The File Explorer helps you to scan for files and directories, as well as open, rename, and delete them.
One of the most important software on your computer is your Internet browser. You can use it to search the Internet, browse web sites, shop and buy merchandise, watch videos, play games, and do other things. In Windows 10, the default browser is Microsoft Edge. Previous versions of Windows, from Windows 95 to Windows 8.1, used Internet Explorer as the default browser.
Microsoft Paint, which has been included in Windows since November 1985, is a basic image editor that can be used to build, display, and edit digital images. It includes simple drawing and painting software, as well as the ability to resize and rotate images and save them in a number of file formats.
Notepad is a straightforward text editor. It allows you to build, access, and edit text files. For example, you can use Notepad to create a batch file or an HTML web page.
The notification section, also known as the device tray, shows the date and time as well as icons for programmes initiated by Windows. It also displays the status of your Internet connection and a speaker icon for changing the sound volume.
The Power User Tasks Menu, which is available in Windows 8 and Windows 10, offers easy access to useful and essential Windows utilities. You can access the Control Panel, System Manager, File Explorer, Task Manager, and other programmes from this menu.
The Registry Editor helps you to access and edit the Windows system registry. The Registry Editor may be used by computer technicians to troubleshoot issues with the Windows operating system or installed applications.
Settings, which is available in Windows 8 and Windows 10, helps you to customise many aspects of Windows. You can configure the desktop history, power settings, and external device options, among other items.
The Start menu displays a list of programmes and services that have been installed on your computer. You can do it by pressing Start on the taskbar’s left side.
The System Information utility displays information about the device, such as hardware and Windows configuration. You will learn about your computer’s hardware, such as its processor, memory, video card, and sound card. You can also access and modify environment variables, system drivers, utilities, and other things.
The Windows taskbar displays the programmes that are currently open and provides a Quick Launch area for quick access to specific programmes. The notification area is located on the right side of the taskbar and shows the date and time as well as any programmes that are running in the background.
The Task Manager shows a list of what is currently running on your computer. You will see how much of each application’s (task’s) machine resources are used by sorting by CPU, RAM, and disc I/O use. If a programme is frozen or not responding, you can end the task by right-clicking it in Task Manager and pressuring it to leave.
The Windows search box is a simple way to find documents, images, videos, applications, and other things. The search box in Windows 10 is also integrated with Cortana. The function debuted in Windows Vista.
Features Of Mac OS Operating System
Switching to a Macintosh means buying a computer built by Apple, Inc. You’re in for a nice surprise if you’ve found shopping for Windows PCs to be a little perplexing. Apple only offers a few versions in each category: a standard version at the lowest price, an intermediate version, and a loaded version. Certain characteristics are shared by all existing Mac models:
Processors: Fast Intel microprocessors, close to those found in most PCs, are used in all Mac models released in the last five years. Apple uses processors with two or more processor cores, which allows them to run faster. They all support 64-bit operation, allowing for main memory greater than 4GB, but not all Mac models allow for this amount of memory to be installed.
Memory: Macs, like PCs, have two forms of memory:
RAM (Random Access Memory): All Macs have at least 2GB (2 gigabytes) of RAM. More RAM helps you to do more tasks at once, which is particularly useful if you deal with large files, such as movies.
Mass storage hard disc: A larger hard drive means more room for music, images, and videos. Solid-state drives are used in some models instead of, or in addition to, conventional hard drives. These provide faster performance but cost more for the same amount of room.
Graphics: Every Mac comes with a graphics processing unit (GPU) to accelerate the display of images and video. The low-end Mac mini, as well as the 11- and 13-inch Mac laptops, use an Intel HD 3000 graphics processor built into the CPU chip package. In addition to the integrated GPU, higher-end versions have more powerful GPUs. Higher-performance GPUs are required for serious gamers.
High-performance video output and data I/O: All new Macs have a Thunderbolt input/output port, which is compatible with Mini DisplayPort for output to high-definition video displays and enables the connection of very high-speed peripherals.
LED displays: All Mac displays have a screen that is illuminated by light-emitting diodes (LEDs) rather than fluorescent lamps, which contain small quantities of mercury, a dangerous substance.
Headset jack: Both Macs have a minijack that fits with standard headphones and also supports Apple iPhone compatible headsets, allowing you to make FaceTime and iChat calls using such a headset. High-end Macs also have a separate audio line-in jack.
Software: All new Macs include the OS X Lion operating system, and all Macs except the Apple mini server include the optimised iLife suite of digital lifestyle applications.
Wireless networking support: All new Macs have built-in wireless networking that takes advantage of the most current Wi-Fi and Bluetooth standards. Apple was the first tech corporation to implement Wi-Fi, calling it by its own brand name, AirPort.
Except for the sleek, ultrathin MacBook Airs, all modern Macs have Gigabit Ethernet jacks for wired networking and connecting to high-speed cable and DSL modems.
There are no built-in dial-up modems or floppy drives: As an optional accessory, you can purchase an Apple Modem (a small external modem), and external USB floppy drives are available from third parties.
SuperDrive: All versions, with the exception of the mini and MacBook Air, can read, play, and write (burn) CDs and multilayer DVDs, thanks to the inclusion of what Apple refers to as a SuperDrive. Apple includes an optional external SuperDrive for the mini and Air, as well as software that lets these models use a CD/DVD reader on another Mac or even a PC.
Support for HD video: Apple displays are usually equipped with a 16:10 aspect ratio, which is suitable for HD video.
Any thoughts on the war between: Linux vs Windows vs Mac OS? Share your thoughts below.